Thursday, June 30, 2011

Translation English-German

German, Standard

A language of Germany

Population75,300,000 in Germany (1990). Population total all countries: 90,294,110.
RegionAlso in Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, France, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Moldova, Mozambique, Namibia, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russian Federation (Europe), Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names  Deutsch, Tedesco
DialectsMajor related language areas are Bavarian [bar], Schwäbian [swg], Alemannisch [gsw], Mainfränkisch [vmf], Hessisch, Palatinian, Rheinfränkisch, Westfälisch [wep], Saxonian, Thuringian, Brandenburgisch, and Low Saxon [nds]. Many varieties are not mutually inherently intelligible. Our present treatment is incomplete. Standard German is one High German variety, which developed from the chancery of Saxony, gaining acceptance as the written standard in the 16th and 17th centuries. High German refers to dialects and languages in the upper Rhine region. Lexical similarity: 60% with English, 29% with French.
ClassificationIndo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German
Language useNational language. 28,000,000 L2 speakers.
Language developmentTaught in primary and secondary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1466–2004.
Writing systemLatin script. Latin script, Fraktur variant, used until 1940. Runic script, no longer in use.
CommentsBased equally on East Upper German and East Middle German. Christian.

Also spoken in:


Language nameGerman, Standard
Population7,500,000 in Austria (J. A. Hawkins 1987).
Language useNational language.
Source: Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version:

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